Global Public Health Find Information about Global Public Health Fri, 02 Mar 2012 06:52:10 +0000 en hourly 1 Public Health Analysis #comments Fri, 02 Mar 2012 06:52:10 +0000 admin
Overview of the Health Problem

Every year, more than 100,000 lives are lost as a result of various medical errors conducted by medical professionals and practitioners in various licensed health facilities in California. This is according to the 1999 study conducted by the Institute of Medicine. In the year 2009, 1,500 errors were reported by medical providers where 1,015 of the cases concerned serious bedsores on patients. Out of 1,500 case of adverse events reported to the state that year, 30 of them resulted into death of patients and serious disability on patients. 12 of the cases reported were linked to suicides and suicide attempts by the patients in various health care facilities. According to California Watch, six of the patient died as a result of serious burns or electric shock while in health care facilities. More surprising is that thirty of the cases were as a result of sexual assault on patients by medical care staffs (Jewett, 2010).

This is just an example from one year; many more such cases are reported every year in the Department of Public Health. However, the department of Public Health continues to fine hospitals for not reporting incidents of adverse events but no lasting solution to this problem have been sought.  According to earlier reports by California Watch (before July 2010), “the department had fined medical facilities more than million for failing to report or delaying reports of more than 260 errors” (Jewett, 2010).

Acquired adverse events in medical facilities have continued to receive a huge public outcry as many people continue to suffer in the hands of medical professionals and practitioners in medical facilities. The question here is ‘why should innocent members of the public continue to suffer in the hands of those who are entrusted to provide medical care to them’. The proposed bill by Mike Feuer on new policies and practices concerning adverse medical events is seen as an opportunity to bring amendments in the medical field in order to bring to an end the problems arising from the question posed above.

According to Institute of Medicine, patients seeking medical treatment are entitled to quality, timely, safe and appropriate medical care. Health care facilities licensed by the government through the Department of Public Health and health care providers are very important resources in the society as they perform life-saving procedures.  They ensure the health of the members of the public as well as their welfare. However, in spite of their good intention to ensure  presence of a health society, adverse events do occur in the health facilities where patients are harmed with many cases of deaths and disabilities reported from patients as a result of adverse events.

The Institute of Medicine among other medical researchers have come into a consensus that adverse events in our health facilities is a serious problem and something need to be done before the situation gets out of control. These researchers are of the opinion that one way to reduce occurrence of adverse events in our health facilities is to conduct ongoing health care providers’ education as well as establishing safety plans and procedures (Jewett, 2010).

Lack of quick intervention or not intervention to problems of adverse events, from a personal perspective, would result to more and more cases of adverse events on patients where many people are likely to lose their lives or be rendered mentally and/or physically disabled. The dire consequences of these events are likely to be felt at a national level were the economically productive people and the potentially productive people (the young generation) will be unable to serve the nation and hence reducing the productivity of the nation.

Overview of the Bill and Stakeholders

On February 25, 2009, an assembly Member by the name Feuer introduced a public health bill titled ‘Hospital Acquired Conditions’ which was basically concerned with adverse medical events. The existing laws by the time of introduction of this bill established various programs for promotion of health and prevention of disease which included licensing and regulation of health facilities that are under the administration of State Department of Public Health. According to the existing laws, health facilities were to report to the State Department of Public Health all patients’ adverse events within 5 days (AB 542, 2009).

The bill was seeking to expand the specified adverse events that required reporting to include, surgical-site infections, catheter-associated urinary tract infection, and manifestation of poor glycemic control (AB 542, 2009). The bill was also seeking a requirement that all surgical clinics to comply with reporting requirements for adverse events just like other health facilities. The State Department of Public Health was therefore required to collect and investigate adverse information and events respectively.

According to Feuer, medical director and the director of specified facilities would make reports on adverse events to the medical governing body on annual basis, and would be required to make contracts between health care service plan and health care providers that would stipulate that there would be consistency in non-billing for and non-payment of confirmed adverse events (Bill Analysis: AB 542, 2009).

AB 542 public health bill on adverse events on patients acquired from health facilities provided that the State Public Health Officer would establish a quality improvement and reporting office within the department of public health run by the state. Quality Improvement and Reporting Office would be responsible for providing leadership in minimizing adverse events in health facilities, improving patients’ safety and ensuring patients’ quality of care. All health facilities and clinics would perform root cause analysis of any adverse event reported in their facilities and make a report to the Quality Improvement and Reporting Office as well as to the patient as recommended.

For the purpose of developing recommendations for non-billing and non-payment practices and policies for substantiated adverse events, the Secretary of California Health and Human Services would set up a Health Care Quality Improvement Committee. According to the proposed bill, the committee would be required to report its initial recommendations to the California Health and Human Services Secretary before September, 2010 (AB 542, 2009). All health care service providers would be prohibited by the bill to bill for services related to confirmed adverse events on patients.

As per the existing laws, the Managed Risk Medical Insurance Board administers a Medi-Cal Program where qualified low-income children are provided with health services. Similarly, the State Department of Health Care Services also runs a Medi-Cal Program under which health care services are provided to qualified low-income individuals (AB 542, 2009).  The proposed bill would require that a contract be made between health care services provider and the Healthy Families Program, insurer(s), health care service plan and the Medi-Cal Program. The contract would stipulate that the parties in the contract would be consistent with non-billing and non-payment policies for substantiated adverse events. To facilitate this, the bill would seek to change the current definition of existing crimes and then impose a state-mandated local program.

Finally on the provisions of the bill, according to the California Constitution, the state is supposed to reimburse a specified amount of money to local agencies and school districts as mandated by the state. There are established provisions for making such reimbursement under statutory provisions. The proposed bill would provide that no reimbursement will be required by this act for a particular reason.

The stakeholders affected by the proposed bill include, all health care service facilities, the government through various departments of health, insurance companies, and the public in general. Health care service facilities include medical hospitals and surgical clinics both public and private. These health care facilities will be affected by the proposed bill because they will have to adjust their policies concerning billing for patients as a result of adverse events. In most cases, when adverse events are reported on patients from any of the health care facilities, they require the affected patient(s) to meet all the costs associated with treatment from such events. On passing of the proposed bill, all the health facilities will be required to get into agreements through signing of contracts with health service plan providers that will provide that they will be consistent with the billing and payment policies to be provided concerning substantiated adverse events.

In the United States, the government through the states is responsible for providing and controlling health care related services. Therefore, the government through the State Department of Public Health, State Department of Health Care Services and the office of California Secretary of Health and Human Services is a big stakeholder affected by the proposed bill. These offices are mandated to oversee provision of health care services to the citizens of California on behalf of the federal government.

Health care service plan providers; the insurance companies are also other stakeholders affected by the proposed bill. The government through the Department of Health Care Services run Medi-Cal Programs which provide health care services to low-income families. Medi-Cal Program is a health insurance program which the government maintains with social security and insurance fund. There are various insurers who are appointed by government through which the program is run. Insurance companies provide medical covers to various individuals and therefore, they will also be affected by the bill since they will have to sign a contract too expressing that they will be consistent with non-billing and non-payment policies and practices for substantiated adverse events.

Finally, the general public is also another stakeholder holder of the proposed bill. The general public include all individuals who seek health care services from health care facilities. They are a stakeholder as occurrence of an adverse event is unpredictable or uncontrollable when one is admitted in a health care facility.

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Resource of Public Health Nutrition Thu, 01 Mar 2012 06:44:49 +0000 admin

When it comes to the idea of public health nutrition and also that of nutrition normally, you need to know that you’ve a heap of data you’ll want to garner. Even though this is certainly simpler said than done, you need to know you’ll get your hands on information that is certainly both genuine and accredited. Even though you’ll uncover enough plus much more professionals out there that can will provide you with plethora of understanding relating to public health nutrition, you need to make certain that this information is pertinent to anything which you would like it for. So ensure that once you do search for this all data, you do so utilizing a a sense alacrity.

Even though cyberspace is undoubtedly an outstanding vehicle with regards to public health nutrition, you need to make certain which you acquire the right form of information. You can find certain sites that function as scammers.

They suggest that you sign up for nearly all their newsletters and you are certain to obtain access. Nonetheless, what you need to keep in mind is constantly that when scouting for public health nutrition you should do some based on your very own needs. Ideally, make certain which you search cast in stone for sites that can give public health nutrition articles from accredited professionals who are properly identified inside the field.

As a result of consumerism and also the environment of the era there is certainly a lot of uncertainly with regards to public health nutrition. The straightforward reality with the matter is constantly that there is certainly a whole heap of understanding that encircles that is contradictory to one yet another. Obviously this actually is some thing that is sure to trigger a substantial quantity of confusion. Deciding to acquire public health nutrition from your appropriate authorities is exactly what is appropriate. You have to provide you with your hands on such information and then ascertain who the authority behind the niche is.

On the whole, what you’d realize is constantly that public health nutrition is undoubtedly a subject that is certainly helpful with regards to leading an existence that is certainly rewarding and healthy. Guarantee which you take into account every single one of the a variety of sites that are related to such information on the internet. This could aid you in getting an awareness of how this information may be helpful for you within the lengthy term. Make certain you contemplate this information being a mere guideline with regards to generating an effect on public health nutrition within the us.

There’s certainly a fantastic deal which you can do with public health nutrition. But what you need to do very first is observe how such information could be good for you within the lengthy term. This is what matters by the end of the day.

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online masters degree in psychology Wed, 29 Feb 2012 06:39:19 +0000 admin

If you’re a graduate in mindset then getting on the web greats in mindset is isn’t seriously a really big difficulty. It is possible to even get a great post graduate education form some from the most reliable and properly recognized establishments. And earning greats on the subject matter is usually extremely advantageous in a lot of techniques like vocation growth, placements and job security. on the web greats education in mindset can provide you a variety of opportunities each in the personal plus the public sectors and it believed that mindset is the 3rd most sought following and quickest progressing fields in the United States nowadays.

While you possibly know mindset is the research from the behavior from the individual mind and since it falls into the science category anybody doing their greats on the subject matter will normally earn a Grasp of science education, but it would also rely on the sort of college course plus the specializations you opt for.

Typically there may be a requirement of a psychologist in extensive places that contain health and individual services, education, in the authorized departments, companies and also in sports activities, so when you opt for specialization in mindset at the greats level you may pick in between, company, medical mindset, counseling, youngster mindset, educational, forensic mindset, criminal or industrial mindset and so forth.

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The area of individual resources is an additional field which has urgent specifications for psychologists, simply because it is often a psychologist who can deal with all issues concerning a company and its staff. Psychologists would be the proper men and women to train the personnel within a company to require up persona assessments along with other suitability assessments once they come about must attend job interviews. there may be no doubt that the knowledge gained from a mindset education be it a graduate or greats will appear in helpful within a plethora of jobs that deal with men and women plus the individual mind.

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there may be a common misapprehension that should you require up greats in mindset It is possible to apply only medical mindset, but when you total your greats in the subject matter It is possible to go on to become a licensed psychologist. This really is one particular from the most flexible of degrees simply because it is one particular subject matter that is usually utilized to a different fields. And nowadays far more and far more colleges are starting to provide on the web greats in mindset and also on the web PhD in the subject matter.

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James Loo publishes his articles to online ezines. He has been in this writing business since 2003. You can find some of his articls here: engagment ring, camera security software and scholarships hispanics 003C.
Information from masters degree in education

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Oxford Publication Tue, 28 Feb 2012 06:13:29 +0000 admin

Oxford writing style is one of the easiest and easily comprehensible writing styles. The Oxford guidelines give rules for referencing and citing sources of information. The rules of referencing used for writing Oxford style papers are also known as the rules of referencing used by the Oxford style guidelines. These rules tell writers how they can reference and cite when writing several Oxford publications. These publications can either be academic or non-academic publications. Academic Oxford publications can also be referred to as academic Oxford style papers and are written by students as part of their assignments. An example of an Oxford style papers is an Oxford style term paper that is written by a student and is supposed to be submitted at the end of an academic term or semester. Appendices in Oxford style papers make use of footnotes, in-line notations endnotes and annotated bibliographies.

Oxford style of referencing and citation is also known as documentary-note referencing system which is mostly used in philosophy and history disciplines.

It can however be used in other fields of study other than the mentioned two fields. Oxford style papers also have numeric markers representing specific endnotes or footnotes containing the citations. These markers are found at the end part of a sentence and not after a specific section referred to. The other important point to note about Oxford style papers is that there is sequential numbering of endnotes or footnotes and when using in-text citations, writers are advised to use the full citation for the first incident followed by name-date-format for the subsequent citations. The use of footnotes and endnotes is also common when making side comments or noting down materials that is related to the study subject but may not fit into the text.

The other important feature of Oxford style papers is that they have an annotated bibliography at the end.

An annotated bibliography consists of the various information sources used to obtain material for writing Oxford style papers. Below each source of information, writers are advised to write one or more sentences regarding to the source and how the material contributes to the subject of the Oxford style papers. Many students are faced with difficulties and challenges when asked to write Oxford style papers. This is due to the fact that they have scarce knowledge on how to go about the task. Moreover, they are given limited time by their lecturers and hence they are unable to finish their assignments on time. The best solution for such students is for them to purchase Oxford style papers form custom companies online.

Our custom research company is an example of such companies that students can rely on when they need custom Oxford style papers. We provide affordable and plagiarism free Oxford style papers for sale. The other good point about our company is that it has dedicated writers who can write quality Oxford publications since they are familiar with all the Oxford writing style rules and guidelines. These writers are hard working and able to write papers that can earn excellent grades and academic success. Our company several types of Oxford style publications and Oxford style papers such as Oxford essays, research papers, thesis papers and Oxford style term papers. All these Oxford style papers are custom-written, original and authentic.

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Public Golf Courses Offer More For Less Mon, 27 Feb 2012 06:53:16 +0000 admin

Who says “We The People” can’t do things better and cheaper? A public golf course, maintained by citizens’ tax revenue for the enjoyment of everyone offers the same level of enjoyment and challenging play as the most exclusive and upscale private country clubs. If you aren’t particularly concerned about prestige and status and don’t need special amenities like four-star restaurants and swimming pools – and above all, see the value in thrift (a nearly-forgotten American virtue since 1981), public golf courses will serve you well and make you proud to be part of a community.

Finding Local Golf Courses

There’s at least one public golf course in most American cities and many have more than one. If you are fortunate enough to live in Southern California, you’ll more likely than not find dozens of municipal golf course facilities within a relatively short driving distance of where you live.

Thanks to Internet technology, it’s easier than ever to find public golf courses that meet your needs.

In addition, there is a wealth of information about each individual public golf course that you can find on any computer with a reliable Internet connection. A simple online search will reveal public golf course information such as the number of holes, the topography and what hazards are in play and of course, tee times. Like their private and exclusive counterparts, public golf courses have scheduled start times, or golf tee times, that permit numerous people to use golf courses at the same time without getting in each others’ way. (It’s also important to keep up the pace so that those behind you don’t interfere with your game.)

When To Tee Off

You have some real flexibility here. And while public golf courses are always less expensive to play at than private facilities, they’re even cheaper when you can book some off-peak times, such as weekday mornings. A tee time scheduled at any golf course on the weekend is naturally going to cost more than one scheduled during the week – that’s a simple function of supply and demand – so in order to get the best deal on playing at a public golf course, be sure and look for a tee time that is not during a period of peak demand.

Susan Slobac is a consultant in the golf industry. Susan writes about trends in golf course & California golf courses.

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CDC Public Health Training Network Offers Free Online Continuing Education Courses Sun, 26 Feb 2012 06:49:15 +0000 admin

Many schools and organizations offer courses and other activities for continuing education credit. Courses can vary widely in price, location and media. Instead of paying for continuing education courses, health professionals can choose to complete courses online for free through the  The Centers for Disease Control (CDC), Public Health Training Network (PHTN), a distance learning network that offers a wide selection of free courses. 

Health professionals, such as physicians, nurses and certified health education specialists, need to complete continuing education units for recertification. For example, physicians in California need to accrue 50 hours every two years to renew their license. 

Some classes are offered online.  Most courses are free and some have an online video component. Students can also elect to take courses and pay only for the media, such as books, video, CD or slides.

Some media do not carry credit. Look for the CE icon. 

The CDC has been approved as a provider of continuing education by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education, National Commission for Health Education Credentialing, Inc.; American Nurses Credentialing Center’s Commission on Accreditation, and International Association for Continuing Education and Training. 

The CDC offers CME credit for physician and non-physicians, CNE credit for nurses, CECH credit for Certified Health Education Specialists, and CEU credit for other professionals.
When selecting courses, determine if the course providers are approved by the appropriate national accrediting organizations and state boards.  For instance, the CDC states the following about California Board of Nursing stipulations:
“The California Board of Nursing will accept CDC’s ANCC credit for self-study courses.

However, they will not accept ANCC credit for courses offered within the state of California. “
For more information, read the Occupational Outlook Handbook, look for your health profession and read “sources of additional information. ”

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Global Health Progress Highlights Growth Of Brazil’s Biotechnology Sector Sat, 25 Feb 2012 06:54:55 +0000 admin
Global Health Progress (GHP) released a new report that reveals how the biopharmaceutical sector in Brazil, the tenth largest biopharmaceutical market in the world and the largest in Latin America, is an important driver for its economy.

For instance, Brazils biopharmaceutical sector develops high-quality, highly skilled jobs, which is a key factor in creating a stable economy. Currently, approximately 821 biotechnology companies in Brazil employ almost 100,000 people with an average annual salary of approximately US ,457. Among those companies, six biopharmaceutical companies were featured in a 2003 list of the top 100 companies to work for in Brazil.

Not only does the biopharmaceutical sector produce valuable job opportunities for highly skilled workers, this emerging market plays a critical role in fostering public-private partnerships, which leads to more economic growth and greater access to healthcare for its citizens. Partnerships include the funding of a National Policy for Biotechnology, launched in 2007 to encourage biotechnology applications in five health-related fields. The program aims to make Brazil a global leader in the sector in 10 to 15 years. Additionally, according to a 2009 study, 51 out of 60 innovative companies in Brazils biopharmaceutical sector were engaged in collaborative activities with universities and research institutes in Brazil, an increase of 65% compared to 2003.

Investment in research and development (R&D) and promoting innovation are key ways the Brazilian government is helping drive future growth of the countrys biopharmaceutical sector. For instance, R&D investments in Brazil have increased to 1.5% of GDP in 2010 and there are more than 205 highly trained physicians per 100,000 of the population serving as investigators for clinical studies. Innovative medicines comprise approximately 42% of the biopharmaceutical market in Brazil, while over the counter and generic medicines represent 43% and 15% of the Brazilian market, respectively.

In Brazil, promoting innovation is a public policy priority, stated Rafael Oliva, Advisor to the Presidency at the Brazilian Development Bank. The participation of the Brazilian government in research and development (R&D) is considerable, and the goal is to both increase innovative activities in Brazil on a systematic basis, and to consolidate the countrys culture of innovation.

GHP fact sheet shows how Brazils investment in research and development (R&D) will create positive effects throughout the economy, including improving access to healthcare for its citizens through the production of new medicines. For example, Brazilian companies produced an estimated 5,910 medicines and have 56 medicines currently in development. The growing field of clinical trials is also a significant factor in improving access to healthcare. Brazils large population of 190 million people, with 8 out of every 10 residents living in or near a city, means clinical trial recruitment and participation is fairly robust.

Brazils robust investment in promoting innovation is contributing to the global expansion of the biopharmaceutical sector, which in turn creates a positive effect on the overarching global health goals of fostering global competitiveness, reducing the health and economic burden of disease on local citizens, developing tomorrows medicines and expanding access to healthcare.

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The Global Initial Public Offerings Fri, 24 Feb 2012 06:24:38 +0000 admin
It is reported that after the biggest gain of any industry in 2010, global initial public offerings by mining and basic material companies may reach a record next year, as China and India drive up metal prices and attract investors.

As it can be seen from the news that mining, chemical, and heavy industry IPOs jumped to .3 billion this year, according to data compiled by Bloomberg. Miners made up 13 of the top 20 issues in the sector as IPOs across all groups more than doubled to 0 billion.

An analyst predict that share sales by miners in 2011 will likely rival 2007, Tim Goldsmith, PricewaterhouseCoopers LLP’s global mining leader.

Goldsmith said “There’s a lot of money searching for a home, “whose team advises mining companies. “It’s all about those who believe in the growth story in China and India.”

Prasad Patkar said that “There has been an opening of the floodgates in IPOs after a prolonged period of high commodity prices, “who helps manage about .8 billion at Platypus Asset Management Ltd in Sydney, and studies IPOs. “We look at the quality of the asset, what commodity it is, where does it sit on the cost curve, what is the execution risk and the valuation.”

It is reported that Morgan Stanley kept its spot from 2009 as number one underwriter across all IPOs this year, with 11.2 percent of the market and 101 issues. JPMorgan Chase &Co moved to second from fifth last year.

Citigroup Inc raised its metal price forecasts by as much as 20 percent for 2011 and 2012. Copper, coking coal and iron ore will be the “big winners” because of supply constraints, Citigroup analyst Alan Heap said in a Nov 8 report.

That’s on the back of a more-than-doubling in the London Metal Exchange Index, a measure of six metals including copper and nickel, to 4134 from 1614 in December 2008, the lowest since June 2004.

Still, mining IPOs “are high risk, high reward. Some are not for the faint-hearted and people should invest in them understanding the high risk,” Goldsmith said.

Aphrodite Gold Ltd, a Perth-based explorer, is the worst performing mining IPO this year, falling 45 percent from its offer price. It raised .9 million in July. The second worst is Solid Gold Resources Corp, based in Thornhill, Ontario. The mineral exploration company has declined 43 percent.

Emerging markets in the Asia-Pacific region had the strongest growth in basic materials IPOs in 2010, with .56 billion raised, compared with 9.91 million last year.

China’s demand for some metals, including iron ore, may double by 2020, Rio Tinto’s Chief Executive Tom Albanese told his investors in London on Nov 29. China will build 10 cities larger than New York by 2025 and needs to import more steel, iron ore, coal, aluminum and copper, according to Rio forecasts.

“Investors believe that commodity prices are going to go higher, demand is going to remain strong and as a result they are prepared to back new players in the sector,” said Gavin Wendt, a senior resources analyst at Mine Life Pty in Sydney.

“What we are seeing is a near record number of IPOs which means there is a lot of appetite for risk, there is a lot of appetite for resource investing.”

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Global Warming Thu, 23 Feb 2012 06:27:59 +0000 admin

Every day or other, we are knocked over by the shocking reports of melting ice, vanishing glaciers and the increase of water levels in the oceans. Our planet earth is increasingly getting hotter. The news of hurricanes unleashing causalities is alarming. Ask yourself a question – Is it not the duty of each one of us to save our mother earth from being destroyed?

Global warming is the shadow of future turmoil and devastation. And it is no doubt a man made disaster. The charm of the earth is slowly getting lost. The dark shadow of death is creeping widely. In simple terms, global warming is the average rise in earth’s temperature. And it is this rise only that has caused the great change in the climate. Average global temperature has increased by almost one degree Fahrenheit over the past century, an additional 2 to 6 degree Fahrenheit increase over the one hundred years is also expected.

This may not surprise you much but it could change the earth’s temperature as never before.

Global warming is the number one terrible fate. The major behind global warming is the emissions of carbon-dioxide and other green house from human activities that include industrial processes, fossil fuel combustion, and the changes in the land use, such as deforestation. With the development of the industrial economies, larger amount of carbon-dioxide is released into the atmosphere. Several gases like carbon dioxide, methane, and nitrous oxide act as the additional blanket around the earth. They allow sun’s heat to reach the surface of the earth and warm up the temperature. Along with emission of harmful gases. Deforestation is the another devastating force behind the global warming.

Since 1970, the temperature have gone up at nearly three times the average for the 20th century.

By 2100, sea levels are likely to rise between 7 to 23 inches. Resulting in the gradual inundation of coastal areas and increasing beach erosion and flooding from coastal storms, changes in precipitation patterns, increased risk of floods and droughts, threats to the bio diversity and the number of potential challenges for the public health.

However we can all make efforts to save the environment from the serious hazards. And the simplest methods are – using recyclable products, purchase of energy efficient products, tree plantation and reduction in pollution.

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Choosing Public Or Private Summer School Programs Wed, 22 Feb 2012 06:59:20 +0000 admin

Summer schools are not just for the kids who have failed a class and need to make it up. Summer schools now are geared towards helping students become better students and getting ahead of their grade a couple of credits at a time.

Combining summer school with college classes is the way many high school students graduate early, or graduate with college credit under their belt.

Private summer schools tend to have a less expensive tuition than traditional private schools, but public summer schools, like their traditional public school programs are free but their effectiveness isn’t usually considered comparable to that of private schools.

Summer school itself is quite important to help a student get a better handle on working all throughout the year instead of just during school months.

Public Or Private Summer School Programs

Private summer schools will demand a higher expectation of their students than the public system would.

As with regular year classes, there is more course work in private summer schools and higher grades are necessary to pass.

Also, the grade point average is a higher requirement when applying at private schools. Private schools are also likely to have a wider course range for their summer schools. Public summer schools tend to focus on only the basics of English and Mathematics. Private summer schools offer these subjects as well as arts, sciences and other various subjects depending on individual schools. Most private schools offer summer camp programs as well – adding an educational touch to a summer vacation.

Summer schools are unlikely to have as high of a student to teacher ratio as traditional school. But private schools with their budgetary, grade point average and course requirements are likely to be even more personalized than public summer schools. In the city of Oakville, near Mississauga, you can find a private school that offers summer school and camps to their students. This school boasts of higher grades by their students who were enrolled in their summer school programs.

Public schools on average are twice the size of their counterparts. This number tends to mimic in summer schools. In either setting the education can be more personalized, but in private summer schools this is even more focused.

Even though one would expect that private school students to generally have higher grades and thus not need the extra schooling, most of them treat summer school as a means of keeping the mind continually working or to gain higher grades in proceeding year’s classes.

After School Into College Or University

Private summer schools have the freedom to form their own curriculum. They are obligated to give their students the same basic education as a public school, but they can also add specialized courses in subjects that public schools may miss. This also helps students who are on a fast track to getting into college and university.

In Canada, the private education program helps students get a leg up when they’ve reached their years in post-secondary education as many of the basics taught will already be known by the student. They become more focused and this helps the student get ready for the rigorousness of college life.

Private schools stress a focus on personal values. There is an honor system instituted as well as strict behavior codes that the students are instructed to adhere. This is intended to help the students develop into responsible and functional adults. Parents of students in private schools also have a bigger influence on exactly what goes on with punishments and commendations.

Public schools on the other hand, have a more lax behavior code in theory and the administration makes most of the decisions regarding punishment of bad behaviour. This seems to be less of an issue with summer schools, but can still be applicable in the right situations.

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